星期五, 1月 22, 2010

Organizational Culture and Environment: The Constraints - The Manager: Omnipotent or Symbolic?

The Manager: Omnipotent or Symbolic?


Symbolic View of Management
ØMuch of an organization’s success or failure is due to external forces outside of managers’ control.
ØThe ability of managers to affect outcomes is influenced and constrained by external factors.
vThe economy, customers, governmental policies, competitors, industry conditions,
technology, and the actions of
previous managers
ØManagers symbolize control and
influence through their action.

沒有留言:

推薦此文

這個小工具發生錯誤