works actually cited in the document. Sometimes the term Bibliography is used; however this
refers to a list of related source material that is not necessarily cited in the document.
• A list of references should appear on a separate sheet of paper at the end of an assignment
and is generally titled References.
• This list contains bibliographic details of every work cited in your assignment.
• The list must be arranged alphabetically by authors’ surnames. If there is more than one
work by the same author, then arrange chronologically i.e. earlier publication dates before
• All reference sources (e.g. books, journal articles, websites etc.) are listed together in one continuous reference list.
• Correct punctuation is important.
• Note minimal capitalisation of book titles and maximal capitalisation of journal titles.
|Website||APA Online. (2003). Electronic references. American Psychological Association. |
Retrieved August 10, 2004, from http://www.apastyle.org/elecref.html
|Journal article||Becher, T. (1990). The counter culture of specialisation. European Journal of |
Education, 25(3), 330–336.
|Book - two authors |
& a subsequent
|Biggs, J. & Moore, P. J. (1993). The process of learning (3rd ed.). Sydney: |
|Bourassa, S. D. (1999). Effects of child care on young children. Proceedings of |
the third annual meeting of the International Society for Child Psychology,
International Society for Child Psychology, Atlanta, Georgia, 44-46.
|Radio Program||Brown, J. (Producer). (1998, March 24). The search for meaning [Radio |
program]. Sydney: ABC Radio.
|Book - one author & |
|Covey, S. (1991). The 7 habits of highly effective people. Sydney: The Business |
|CD-ROM||Dr Brain thinking games [CD-ROM]. (1988). Torrance, California: Knowledge |
|Chapter in an |
|Entwistle, N. (1998). Approaches to learning and forms of Understanding. In B. |
Dart & G. Boulton-Lewis (Eds.), Teaching and learning in higher education
(pp. 212–243). Melbourne: ACER.
|Document produced |
for a government
|Health Promotion Committee. (2000). The funding of anti-smoking campaigns. |
Brisbane: Department of Health.
|Consultants' report||Lowe, D. & Cotton, R. (1999). Hepatitis C: A review of Australia's response. |
Canberra: Department of Health and Aged Care (DHAC).
|Newspaper – no |
|Meeting the needs of counsellors. (2001, May 5). The Courier Mail, p. 22.|
|Brochure – corporate |
|Research and Training Centre on Independent Living. (1993). Guidelines for |
reporting and writing about people with disabilities (4th ed.) [Brochure].
Lawrence, KS. Author.
|Motion picture||Scorsese, M. (Producer) & Longergan, K. (writer/Director). (2000). You can count |
on me. [Motion picture]. United States: Paramount Pictures.
|Message posted to |
online forum or
|Simons, D. (2000, July 14). New resources for visual cognition [Msg 31]. Message |
posted to http://groups.yahoo.com.group/visualcognition/message/31.
|Electronic journal |
|Smith, D., Campbell, J. & Brooker, R. (1999). The impact of students’ approaches |
to essay writing on the quality of their essay writing. Assessment and
Evaluation in Higher Education, 24(3), 327-338. Retrieved August 10,
2003, from Proquest 5000 database.
|Smith, L. (2003). An introduction to academic writing: Module study guide. |
Learning Assistance: Southern Cross University.
|Dictionary||The Oxford guide to the English language. (1984). Oxford: Oxford University |
|Newspaper – author |
(see above for newspaper
with no author)
|Towers, K. (2000, January 18). Doctor not at fault: Coroner. The Australian, p. 12.|