星期三, 12月 08, 2010

List of References: APA

A list of references is generally provided for academic work, and contains details only of those
works actually cited in the document. Sometimes the term Bibliography is used; however this
refers to a list of related source material that is not necessarily cited in the document.
Remember:
• A list of references should appear on a separate sheet of paper at the end of an assignment
and is generally titled References.
• This list contains bibliographic details of every work cited in your assignment.
• The list must be arranged alphabetically by authors’ surnames. If there is more than one
work by the same author, then arrange chronologically i.e. earlier publication dates before
later dates.
• All reference sources (e.g. books, journal articles, websites etc.) are listed together in one continuous reference list.
• Correct punctuation is important.
• Note minimal capitalisation of book titles and maximal capitalisation of journal titles.
Example:


Website APA Online. (2003). Electronic references. American Psychological Association.
Retrieved August 10, 2004, from http://www.apastyle.org/elecref.html
Journal article Becher, T. (1990). The counter culture of specialisation. European Journal of
Education, 25(3), 330336.
Book - two authors
& a subsequent
edition
Biggs, J. & Moore, P. J. (1993). The process of learning (3rd ed.). Sydney:
Prentice-Hall.
Published
conference
proceedings
Bourassa, S. D. (1999). Effects of child care on young children. Proceedings of
the third annual meeting of the International Society for Child Psychology,
International Society for Child Psychology, Atlanta, Georgia, 44-46.
Radio Program Brown, J. (Producer). (1998, March 24). The search for meaning [Radio
program]. Sydney: ABC Radio.
Book - one author &
first edition
Covey, S. (1991). The 7 habits of highly effective people. Sydney: The Business
Library.
CD-ROM Dr Brain thinking games [CD-ROM]. (1988). Torrance, California: Knowledge
Adventure Inc.
Chapter in an
edited book
Entwistle, N. (1998). Approaches to learning and forms of Understanding. In B.
Dart & G. Boulton-Lewis (Eds.), Teaching and learning in higher education
(pp. 212243). Melbourne: ACER.
Document produced
for a government
agency
Health Promotion Committee. (2000). The funding of anti-smoking campaigns.
Brisbane: Department of Health.
Consultants' report Lowe, D. & Cotton, R. (1999). Hepatitis C: A review of Australia's response.
Canberra: Department of Health and Aged Care (DHAC).
Newspaper no
author
Meeting the needs of counsellors. (2001, May 5). The Courier Mail, p. 22.
Brochure corporate
author
Research and Training Centre on Independent Living. (1993). Guidelines for
reporting and writing about people with disabilities (4th ed.) [Brochure].
Lawrence, KS. Author.
Motion picture Scorsese, M. (Producer) & Longergan, K. (writer/Director). (2000). You can count
on me. [Motion picture]. United States: Paramount Pictures.
Message posted to
online forum or
discussion group
Simons, D. (2000, July 14). New resources for visual cognition [Msg 31]. Message
posted to http://groups.yahoo.com.group/visualcognition/message/31.
Electronic journal
retrieved from
a database.
Smith, D., Campbell, J. & Brooker, R. (1999). The impact of students approaches
to essay writing on the quality of their essay writing. Assessment and
Evaluation in Higher Education, 24(3), 327-338. Retrieved August 10,
2003, from Proquest 5000 database.
Lecturers
study guide
(fictional)
Smith, L. (2003). An introduction to academic writing: Module study guide.
Learning Assistance: Southern Cross University.
Dictionary The Oxford guide to the English language. (1984). Oxford: Oxford University
Press.
Newspaper author
(see above for newspaper
with no author)
Towers, K. (2000, January 18). Doctor not at fault: Coroner. The Australian, p. 12.












































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